Sustainability Improvements

Bulla Dairy Foods is focused on sustainable production processes and committed to reducing its impact on the environment. To achieve this we are currently measuring, monitoring and implementing positive improvements in the following areas;

  • Water consumption
  • Waste to landfill
  • Energy consumption and
  • Non-renewable resource use.

Through continuous measuring and auditing we will continue to discover opportunities for improvement and implement programs and initiatives to make a positive difference.

Creating Awareness

Internal focus groups have been formed to help us build awareness and develop ideas and actions that will minimise Bulla’s impact on the environment. To guarantee a broad focus, the participants involved cover many areas of the business including managers, coordinators, officers, operators and maintenance staff. These discussions have been very successful in identifying areas for improvement and action.


The Australian Packaging Covenant

Bulla continues to be a voluntary member and signatory of the Australian Packaging Covenant. The Australian Packaging Covenant is an agreement between companies in the supply chain and all levels of government to reduce the environmental impacts of consumer packaging. This will be achieved by:

  • Designing packaging that is more resource efficient and more recyclable;
  • Increasing the recovery and recycling of used packaging from households and away-from-home sources; and
  • Taking action to reduce the incidence and impacts of litter.
  • The Covenant is based on the waste hierarchy: that is, it puts high priority on avoiding and minimising packaging waste, followed by reuse, recycling, recovery and finally, disposal.

Packaging Assessments

Ongoing assessments of Bulla packaging are currently being carried out in order to understand their impact on the environment. The assessments determine how best to apply improvements to reduce the environmental impact including greenhouse gas emissions and waste generation of our packaging. The assessments are essential to enable us meet our requirements for the Australian Packaging Covenant. Using a traffic light system we rate the packaging based on the highest environmental impact, and prioritise action accordingly.
Examples of the packaging assessment criteria:

  • Designed for reuse
  • Designed for transport
  • Designed for recovery
  • Designed for litter reduction                   
  • Uses Renewable resources
  • Consumer information provided.

For more information on The Australian Packaging Covenant visit

Raw Materials

Bulla has an approved supplier policy to ensure we understand where our materials come from and how they are made. This also ensures that the companies that we deal with have an environmental or sustainability policy that meets our internal requirements, is consistent with our policy and meets the expectations of our consumers.


Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a technique to assess each and every impact associated with all the stages of a process from-cradle-to-grave (i.e., from raw materials through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling). LCA’s help avoid a narrow perspective on the potential environmental, social and economic impact of our projects.
Bulla’s LCA project was conducted over a twelve month period to evaluate CO² emissions and studied all raw materials, packaging and transport used to produce the product as well as the energy consumed at our manufacturer and logistics sites.

Contribution to the carbon footprint at Bulla’s Colac Ice Cream factory.

The chart below illustrates the emissions associated with the ice cream manufacturing process at Bulla which consists primarily of electricity (86%) and natural gas usage (11%). The majority of electricity is consumed by the refrigeration process.
The LCA estimated that the carbon hot spots in the production of ice cream were primarily associated with dairy farming, retail freezers and ice cream manufacturing as follows;  

  • Dairy farming (43%) – primarily enteric methane emissions from cows and nitrous oxide emissions from cow excretions and soils;
  • Retail freezers (36%) – mainly electricity use and refrigerant loss; and
  • Manufacturing  (9%) – mainly electricity use associated with ice cream churns and freezing.